Vaccination of dogs.
The problem of preventive vaccinations — one of the most serious problems facing dog owners. When, where and in what sequence, from any disease and any vaccine to vaccinate a dog — these are the main issues breeder. The most dangerous and widespread infectious diseases of dogs considered parvovirus enteritis, coronavirus enteritis, viral hepatitis, plague and rabies.
For the prevention of viral infections dogs vaccinations. And in our country and abroad, there are monovalent vaccine (against one disease) and polyvalent (against several diseases at once). Before you get vaccinated, it is important to check the expiry date of the vaccine: it necessarily indicated on the vial label. If the vaccine is overdue, vaccinated useless. If you are vaccinated at home, you should also check the conditions in which the vaccine was stored. The vaccine should be stored in accordance with the instructions supplied. Particular care should be checked imported vaccines — you need to know the conditions in which they were transported and stored.
In addition to the vaccines that provide long active immunity, there is also a serum whose introduction causes intermittent passive immunity (serum contains antibodies ready). Serum used in the treatment of infectious diseases, but not for preventive vaccination.
Against parvovirus enteritis puppies can impart both domestic and imported vaccines. Against coronavirus enteritis, unfortunately, there is no vaccine neither we nor abroad. Against hepatitis B monovalent vaccine only imported; we have developed in the country and for several years successfully used the bivalent vaccine «Parvovak» — a vaccine against parvovirus enteritis and viral hepatitis.
Antiplague vaccinated puppies, it is desirable to make the domestic vaccine. The fact is that in practice there have been cases of plague after inoculations made imported vaccines. In our country, used mainly three Plague vaccines: «Vakchum» KF-668 and EPM. EPM vaccine has one significant drawback — it can not vaccinate animals younger than 3 months. Therefore, when the vaccination of puppies is better to use two other vaccines.
Recently in Moscow Veterinarians have a new — a high quality, well-purified rabies vaccine — «The culture rabies vaccine phenol.» She tolerated the dogs easier than the former, and gives less complications.
From the basic, most common and dangerous infectious diseases during the first year of life the dog has to make a total of 4-5 vaccinations. Did not want to do it all (or at least part of it) at a time, that is to instill a dog imported polyvalent vaccine? But do not rush it. Often imported vaccines do not provide a reliable immunity and you risk losing money and do not protect your pet.
Polyvalent vaccines have been successfully used for adult dogs to maintain already developed immunity. Currently the company in preparation for the introduction of domestic trivalent vaccine (plague, enteritis, hepatitis), which was highly preliminary assessment specialists.
So you’ve brought into the house of one month baby. Within a month he was fed breast milk and did not leave the apartment. In regard to infectious puppy usually healthy. In the embryonic period of development through the placenta, and after birth, colostrum puppy receives the necessary antibodies — maternal immunity, which he was lacking in the first week of life. How would you like it or do not take the time to walk with the baby. If you really want the puppy to breathe fresh air and good weather on the street, you can make it on their hands, but in no case did not come down to earth.
Within two weeks, observe the behavior and health of your pet. What should I pay attention? Appetite puppy, his chair on what he lethargic or active, how many sleeps. It is advisable once a day to measure his temperature (temperature measured dog by introducing a cream or smeared with Vaseline thermometer about 1/3 its length into the anus of 3-4 minutes). Do not measure the temperature immediately after sleep or food; better to wait for 10-15 minutes. Normal temperature puppy from 38 to 39 degrees, and the adult dog from 38.5 to 39 degrees. All this will help you later determine how the puppy suffers vaccinated.
Moreover, in this period is usually recommended to hold a puppy deworming. The fact is that if your puppy has worms, he suffers worse vaccinated as worm infestation weakens the body. As an anthelmintic pyrantel we recommend as the least toxic drug with a wide spectrum of action.
The first vaccination puppy doing aged about 1.5 months. Depending on what kind of disease is more common at this time in your area, first grafted or enteritis, or hepatitis (you can use the bivalent vaccine). Puppies up to six months doing this vaccine twice at an interval of 10-14 days (if after the first vaccination is not showing signs of disease). Thereafter, two weeks produced a stable immunity for 1 year. A year later, the vaccination is repeated. Dogs suffer vaccine enteritis and hepatitis easily. But before vaccination against plague with a puppy should not go out. Not yet developed immunity, the puppy can still get sick enteritis or hepatitis, and there is still one of the most important vaccinations — against plague.
First vaccine against plague, according to instructions, make 2.5 months. Previously vaccinated impractical, and later — dangerous. Within 3 weeks after vaccination against canine puppy should stay home. During this period, you need to carefully ensure that it does not supercool and not overtired, it can not be washed. If the puppy is cold in this quarantine period, there may be serious complications until the plague. After three weeks produces immunity and you can start walking.
Revaccination against distemper puppy spend 6-7 months when he ended the growth of permanent teeth. Later vaccinated against swine repeated once a year at the same time.
Among breeders are of the opinion that some dog breeds and mongrels plague do not get sick, so they can not be vaccinated, because just from it and they get sick. This view is fundamentally wrong. After inoculation the dog can get sick only under conditions of poor preparation for the vaccination and quarantine. As for the breeding of sensitivity to the virus plague, the following can be said: there really is a breed that is more susceptible to the plague (German shepherds, pointers, setters, poodles) and less susceptible — some types of terriers and mongrels. Unfortunately, this does not mean that they do not get sick with plague. Of course, the master himself the right to decide to vaccinate his dog or not to vaccinate. But unvaccinated dog is in danger of disease and may be a carrier of the infection.
But there is a disease, vaccination is required for all dogs — it’s infuriating. Vaccination against rabies is really not one of the easily tolerable, since it is necessary to observe a quarantine regime, as well as after vaccination against plague, only for two weeks. Rumors that vaccinated dog is sick with rabies, groundless. First time vaccination against rabies is recommended to do the dog from the age of 6 months, and in fact it turns out after re-vaccination against plague. Later the dogs vaccinated once a year for a lifetime.
Schedule preventive vaccination is:
1.5 months — enteritis vaccination (hepatitis), 10-14 days — booster;
2.5 months — the vaccine against plague;
7 months — booster vaccination against plague;
after 8 months — vaccination against rabies.
And the last question: where better to vaccinate a dog? Sure, okay, if it is possible to vaccinate at home — do not have to carry not used to street puppy, less dangerous contacts. But this raises the question of the already mentioned as a vaccine. Sometimes caring breeders collect their puppies at home and instill in them good vaccines. If this is not possible, will have to go to the vet your pet. But first you need to inquire by phone, what day of the week and what time of vaccinations your vet. Besides these diseases, there are other infections that are not so common, but dangerous to the life of our animals.
Leptospirosis — a disease that most often suffer rodents — mice, rats, and others. From this it follows that the most susceptible to the disease hunting dogs. Vaccinated dogs over 4 months of age 1 per year (puppies under 6 months of vaccination was repeated six months later), quarantine regime after vaccination is the same as after vaccination against enteritis. A vaccine against leptospirosis is part of many imported polyvalent vaccines.
Adenoviroz — pulmonary infection, and introduced by our country in 1988. In our country, a vaccine against this disease yet, but it is part of some imported polyvalent vaccines. In practice, found that it is much easier to tolerate disease dogs vaccinated against swine and hepatitis (set virus adenoviroza has many similarities with the hepatitis B virus).
Basic rules for preventive vaccination:
1. Vaccination can be done only healthy dogs.
2. Grafting can be done not earlier than three weeks after the previous one.
3. After inoculation is necessary to observe quarantine regime: the dog does not overwork without catching cold, do not bathe. The duration of this period depends on the type of vaccination.
4. When preparing the schedule of vaccinations all terms coordinate the timing of vaccination against plague.
5. be vaccinated only under the expiration date of the rules of storage of vaccines and dosages.
These rules should know anyone who has or wants to have a dog. Compliance will help them properly and on time to be vaccinated, avoid complications after them, and most importantly — themselves diseases will save up the health and life of your dog and you — time, nerves and money.